Malcolm X, Islam and Black Liberation

Online Reference : Malcolm X : Research site


Malcolm X

1. Autobiography of Malcolm X, Chapters  11 "Saved", 12 "Savior", 13  "Minister Malcolm X"  &  17 "Mecca"

Discussion Questions

1. What is the difference between Islam and Christianity?
2. What are/were the similarities between Islam in general and the Nation of Islam ?
3. What was the importance of the Quaran in the life of  Malcolm X ?
4. What were Malcolm's experiences in Mecca ? Did Malcolm X change ?

Additional Reading

1. Allan Austin, African Muslims in Antebellum America: Transatlantic Stories and Spiritual Struggles (New York: Routledge, 1997)
2. Steven Barboza, American Jihad: Islam after Malcolm X (New York: Doubleday, 1993)
3. Edward Blyden, Christianity, Islam and the Negro Race (Edinburgh: University Press, 1887)
4. Howard Brotz, The Black Jews of Harlem (New York: The Free Press, 1964)
5. Louis A DeCarlo, Malcolm and athe Cross: The Nation of Islam, Malcolm X and Christianity (New York: New York University Press, 1998)
6. Gilles Kepel, Allah in the West: Islamic Movements in America and Europe (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1997)
7. Aminah Beverly McCloud, African American Islam (New York: Routledge, 1995)
8. J Spencer Trimingham, The Influence of Islam upon Africa (London: Longman, 1968)
9. Richard Brent Turner, Islam in the African American Experience (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997)


Study Guide Index