Chronology of the Life and Activities of Malcolm X

1919 •1920 • 1921 • 1922 • 1923 • 1924 • 1925 • 1926 • 1927 • 1928 • 1929 • 1930 • 1931 • 1932 • 1933 • 1934 • 1935 • 1936 • 1937 • 1938 • 1939 • 1940 • 1941 • 1942 • 1943 • 1944 • 1945 • 1946 • 1947 • 1948 • 1949 • 1950 • 1951 • 1952 • 1953 • 1954 • 1955 • 1956 • 1957 • 1958 • 1959 • 1960 • 1961 • 1962 • 1963 • 1964 • 1965 • 1966 •

YEAR

Month

Day

EVENT

1919

05

10

Earl Little, a Baptist preacher from Georgia, marries Louise Norton in Montreal.

1923

 

 

Earl and Louise Little move with their three small children to Omaha, Nebraska

1924

12

 

The Ku Klux Klansmen warned Louise, then pregnant with Malcolm, to get her family out of town, because her husband was stirring up trouble in the black community with UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association) "back to Africa" preaching.

1925

05

19

Malcolm Little is born at University Hospital in Omaha, Nebraska.

1926

12

 

The Little family moves to Milwaukee, Wisconsin

1927

05

27

UNIA newspaper Negro World identifies Earl Little as leader of UNIA chapter in Indiana Harbor (East Chicago), Indiana.

1927

08

 

Malcolm's brother Reginald born in Milwaukee, WI.

1928

01

 

Earl Little buys a house in Lansing, Michigan, where he continues to preach.

1929

11

07

The Little home is set afire and burns to the ground.

 TOP

12

 

The next month Earl Little builds a new home on the outskirts of East Lansing, Michigan.

1930

08

 

In Detroit, Michigan, the followers of W.D. Fard, an itinerant peddler and preacher known as "The Prophet," establish the first Temple of Islam.

1931

01

 

Malcolm Little enrolls in kindergarten at Pleasant Grove Elementary School.

 

09

28

Earl Little is run over by a streetcar and dies; rumor holds that he was murdered by the Black Legion, a local white supremacist group.

1938

10 

27 

West Junior High School, Lansing (completed 7th grade 6-17-39).

1939

01

09

Louise Little is declared legally insane and formally committed to the State Mental Hospital at Kalamazoo, where she remained for twenty-six years.

 

Spring

 

Malcolm tells his favorite teacher that he wants to become a lawyer; he is told that "that's no realistic goal for a nigger."

 

05

10

Worked for Dr. Gertrude Sullivan as Chauffeur/ Houseman, 207 Washington St., Mason, Michigan until 2-7-41.

 

08

 

A social worker recommends that Malcolm be placed in a juvenile home; Judge John McClellan concurs. Malcolm sent to the Michigan State Detention Home run by the Swerlins.

 

09

 

Mason High School, Mason, Michigan.

1940

05

 

Malcolm is placed in various foster homes.

 TOP

06

07

Worked for Leo Kelly, Oak St., Mason, Michigan Lansing areas. Various addresses in Mason, Michigan (with foster parents until February, 1941).

1941

02

 

Malcolm moves to Boston to live with his paternal half sister Mrs. Ella Collins 72 Dale Street (Mass., until 1942).

 

 

 

Holds a variety of jobs--among them shoe shining, dishwashing, and soda jerking--and works off and on for the New Haven Railroad; becomes involved with Boston's underworld fringe (until 1942).

 

06

07

Worked for New Haven R.R., Boston, Mass

1942

11

 

Moves back to Michigan for about four months.

 

 

 

Worked for Shaw's Jewelry Store as a porter-messenger in Lansing, Michigan for $30. Quit job on 12/92.

1943

03

 

Moves to New York City; again works for the New Haven Railroad.

 

Spring

 

Fired from railroad job; he becomes a waiter at Small's Paradise in Harlem.

 

 

 

Jimmy's Chicken Shack, 763 St. Nicholas Ave., NYC as a waiter, he received $50 - $80 as a permanent & occasional worker.

 

06

01

Registers at Local Board 59 of New York City.

 

10

25

U. S. Army finds Malcolm "mentally disqualified for military service;" because of psychopathic personality inadequacies, sexual perversion, psychiatric rejection; is classified 4F.

 

 

 

Malcolm works intermittently on the railroad; known on the streets as Big Red, he also pushes dope, plays the numbers, peddles bootleg whiskey, and hustles. Under the stage name of Jack Carlton, he works as a bar entertainer at a New York nightclub, The Lobster Pond, in July 1944. In October he returns to Boston for two months or so.

1944

07

 

Abe Goldstein, 152 W. 42nd St., NYC as bartender and entertainer for $60, job ended 9/44 due to end of season.

 TOP

10

 

Returns to Boston and works as a packer in Sears & Roebuck Co., Warehouse in Brookline, for $29 for 3 weeks, when he walked off job.

 

11

29

Indicted for larceny; receives three month suspended sentence and is placed on probation for one year.

1945

01

 

Returns to Michigan after a holiday stint at a New York nightclub; works briefly as a busboy at Mayfair Ballroom in East Lansing.

 

08

 

Moves back to New York; lives in Harlem.

 

 

 

Capitol Badding Co., 207 North Cedar St., Lansing (also did dancing under name of Rhythm Red at various ballrooms and night clubs) made $5 a day.

 

12

 

Embarks on a Christmas season stealing binge in Boston with his friend Bea and her sister Joyce Caragulian, Francis "Sonny" Brown, Kora Marderosian, and Malcolm Jarvis.

1946

01

12

Attempts to reclaim a stolen watch he left for repair at a Boston jewelry store and is arrested; indicted for carrying firearms, larceny, and breaking and entering.

 

01

15

Indicted for carrying firearms.

 

01

16

Charged with Grand Larceny & Breaking and Entering.

 

02

27

Malcolm begins serving prison term at Charlestown, MA where is initiates his own reading program in the prison library. Serves 8-10 year sentence, released 8-7-52.

1947

01

10

Transferred to Concord Reformatory for fifteen months; Malcolm meets Bimbi in prison.

1948

 

 

Malcolm introduced to the NOI (Nation of Islam) teachings of the Honorable Elijah Muhammad by his brother Reginald.

 TOP

03

 

Malcolm transferred to Norfolk Prison Colony (Mass.) and gains access to an excellent library.

1952

08

07

Paroled from Mass State Prison.

 

08

08

Travels to Detroit; lives with brother Wilfred E. Little until 5-4-53. Gets a job as a furniture salesman in a store managed by Wilfred.

1953

01

 

Leaves the furniture store for an assembly line job at the Ford Motor Company's Lincoln-Mercury Division. FBI opens surveillance file on Malcolm.

 

02

 

Attends various NOI meetings until June.

 

 

 

Malcolm moves to Chicago and lives with Elijah Mohammad while studying for the ministry.

 

06

 

Quits Gar Wood when named the assistant minister at Detroit Temple No. 1. Quits auto plant job

 

09

 

Becomes first minister of Boston Temple No. 11

1954

01

 

Attends meetings of New York Temple No. 7.

 TOP

01

08

Speaks at Boston NOI Temple meeting.

 

02

 

Serves as tour leader for New York Temple No. 7 during NOI Convention in Chicago.

 

03

 

Becomes acting minister of Philadelphia Temple No. 12.

 

06

 

Becomes minister of New York Temple No. 7.

 1955

05

01

Holds NOI meeting in Lansing, Michigan.

 

11

11

Identified as official minister of the NOI Temple No. 12 in Philadelphia.

 

 

 

According to Autobiography, Malcolm X first hears rumors of Elijah Muhammad's adultery.

1956

 

 

Betty Sanders joins New York Temple No. 7; she is renamed Betty X.

 

02

26

Arranges transportation for NOI members to go to Chicago for "Savior's Day."

 

08

25

Lectures to over two hundred NOI members at the first Southern Goodwill Tour of the Brotherhood of Islam in Atlanta, Georgia (until 8/26).

1957

04

14

NOI member Hinton Johnson is beaten by New York police and jailed; outside the 123rd Street police station, where a contingent of Muslims from Temple No. 7 has gathered. Malcolm demands that Johnson be taken to hospital and then sends the NOI members home.

 TOP

07

18

Los Angeles Herald Dispatch carries article captioned, Young Moslem Leader Explains The Doctrine of Mohammedanism." Malcolm X begins, "God's Angry Men" column this week.

 

09

 

Serves as minister of NOI Temple in Detroit, Michigan.

 

11

09

Pittsburgh Courier reports Malcolm X announcement that Hinton Johnson is filing a one million dollar suit against the officers who beat and arrested him in April.

 

11

28

Los Angeles Herald-Dispatch carries article captioned, "Malcolm X Speaks at Elk Hall Wed., Night."

 

12

 

Tells Elijah Muhammad of his plan to marry Sister Betty X.

1958

01

12

Telephones Betty Sanders with a marriage proposal from a gas station in Detroit; she says yes.

  TOP

01

14

Malcolm marries Betty X two days after his proposal by a Justice of the Peace in Lansing.

 

01

19

The newlyweds drive back to New York and reside in three rooms of a two-family flat in East Elmhurst, Queens.

 

01

19

Malcolm comments that he can't understand why Negroes should become so excited about a demonstration "run by whites in front of a statue of a president who has been dead for a hundred years and who didn't like us when he was alive."

 

05

21

Attends funeral of Marie Muhammad, mother of Elijah Muhammad, in Chicago.

 

08

01

Speaker at a street meeting held at 125th & 7th Ave., Manhattan, held by the Nation of Islam.

 

10

29

Speaks at NOI meeting in Philadelphia.

 

11

 

Attilah born (Malcolm's first daughter).

1959

 

 

TV documentary, "The Hate That Hate Produced"

  TOP

02

08

Speaks at NOI meeting in New York.

 

02

11

Speaks at NOI meeting in Buffalo, New York.

 

02

15

Speaks at NOI Temple No. 18 in Cleveland.

 

03

22

Speaks at NOI meeting in New York.

 

03

29

Tells New York NOI meeting that Negroes should sit and wait without violence because the white man will destroy himself.

 

 

 

Malcolm X travels to United Arab Republic, Sudan and Nigeria

 

04

15

Speaker at a meeting of the African Freedom Day Rally sponsored by the United African Nationalist Movement., Mr. James R. Lawson, chairman.

 

04

23

Los Angeles Herald-Dispatch publishes article captioned, "Malcolm X calls for Bandung Conference of Negro Leaders."

 

05

03

Speaks at New York NOI meeting.

 1959

05

27

Passport issued to Malcolm Little, also known as Malik El-Shabazz.

 TOP

07

05

Announced at New York NOI meeting that Malcolm X has left for Holland. Travels from there to Egypt, Mecca, Iran, Syria, and Ghana as Elijah Muhammad's ambassador.

 

07

13

FBI learns from NOI member in New York that Malcolm X has met with Nasser of Egypt while in Africa.

 

 

 

WTNA-TV Channel 13 in New York, airs five-part report by Mike Wallace entitled, "The Hate That Hate Produced (until 7/17)."

 

07

26

At Saint Nicholas Arena in New York, Malcolm X speaks about recent trip to the Middle East prior to speech by Elijah Muhammad; states that he became ill during the visit and was unable to go to Mecca.

 

08

22

In "Pulse of the Public," column, New York Amsterdam News carries letter written by Malcolm X from Khartoum, Sudan.

 

08

24

Tells joint meeting of the FOI (Fruit of Islam) and MGT (Muslim Girls' Training) of Temple No. 7 that "the FBI would want to know everything so they hire these stool pigeons to start trouble."

 

08

25

Speaks at NOI meeting in New York.

 

09

09

At New York NOI meeting, reads a letter the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) sent to the New York Police Commissioner.

 

09

16

Narrates movies of recent trip abroad at NOI meeting at Temple No. 25 in Newark, New Jersey.

1960

03

03

Debates William M. James on WMCA radio show called "Pro and Con"; the topic is: "Is Black Supremacy the Answer?"

  TOP

03

23

Speaks at NOI meeting in New York.

 

07

 

Family moves to a seven-room house at 23-11 97th Street in East Elmhurst, Queens.

 

08

 

According to FBI informants, allegedly forms nucleus of followers within NOI to take over after Elijah Muhammad's death.

 

09

21

Spoke with Fidel Castro for thirty minutes at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem.

 

10

08

Speaker at a street rally in the vicinity of Hotel Theresa, 125th Street & 7th Avenue, Manhattan in honor of Kwame Nkrumah, President of Ghana.

 

12

 

Says U.S. revolution is starting in Harlem and expresses admiration for Lenin and Stalin; predicts that Africans will be free with the assistance of the Russian army.

 

12

25

Quilah born (Malcolm's second daughter).

1961

01

28

Meets with Ku Klux Klan officials to solicit aid in obtaining land.

  TOP

02

15

Led Muslims in demonstration in front of the United Nations protesting the death of Prime Minister Patrice Lumumba of the Congo.

 

03

24

Malcolm X speaks at Harvard Law School forum entitled "The American Negro: Problems and Solutions", he debates Walter Carrington of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People).

 

05

11

Malcolm X speaks to an audience of 800 at Brown University’s Sayles Auditorium.

 

05

13

Main speaker at Freedom Rally sponsored by the Nation of Islam in front of 2107 7th Avenue, Manhattan (National Memorial Book Store).

 

08

22

Along with Louis Michaux and Alex Primps, spoke at a street meeting in front of the National Book Store.

 

08

24

Observed in attendance at street meeting in front of National Memorial Book Store sponsored by African Nationalist groups.

 

08

29

Spoke at a street meeting in front of the National Memorial Book Store, 2107 7th Avenue, Manhattan

 

08

30

On the dais of meeting held by Emergency Committee for Unity On Social and Economic Problems held at 217 West 125th Street, NY. Chairman of said committee was A. Phillip Randolph

 1961

09

 

Visits Los Angeles.

 TOP

09

06

Speaker at a street meeting sponsored by the Emergency Committee For Unity and Economic Problems.

 

10

08

The Minister of Muhammad Mosque #7, NYC National representative of Elijah Muhammed, as well as embissary to the Islamic Nations of Africa was a guest lecturer at a forum sponsored by the Social Action Committee of the New York Community Church, 40 East 35th Street, NYC. Said forum entitled "The Truth About the Black Muslims" was presided over by Rev. Donald S. Harrington.

 

10

15

Malcolm X on TV show "Open Mind" moderated by Princeton Prof. Eric Goldman, with M. Berger, K. Clark, R. Halen, and C.B. Motley (2-5).

 

10

16

Appears on NBC television program "Open Mind" with Morroe Berger, Kenneth B. Clark, Richard Haley, and Constance B. Motley, with moderator Eric P. Goldman. The topic is "Where is the American Negro Headed?"

 

10

18

Banned from speaking at Queens College.

 

11

21

Dr. Harry Rivilin, acting president of City College of New York, announces that he has no objection to the Eugene V. Debs Club inviting Malcolm X to speak on campus.

 

12

 

Elijah Muhammad returns from tour of Muslim countries and issues directive that NOI temples shall now be called mosques.

1962

 

 

Leader of the NY Muslims participated in a debate at Community Church, 40 E. 35th Street, NYC sponsored by War Resisters League. Advocated removal of all blacks to Africa or the formation of separate black state.

  TOP

01

 

Delivers speech blasting Negro leadership to an overflowing crowd in Homes Hall at Los Angeles City College.

 

 

 

One of the guest panelists on radio station WWRL called the Angry Negroes. He reiterated his usual feeling opposing the white man and condemned the Negro for their apparent lack of unity.

 

02

15

In Chicago, debates Bayard Rustin on the topic, "Integration or Separation for the Black Man?"

 

03

11

New York Journal American reports that civil rights leader, James Farmer and Whitney Young, downgrades the influence of Malcolm X upon the Negro community and the overall civil rights struggle.

 

04

27

NOI member Ronald Stokes dies in police shooting; Malcolm X attempts to rally Negroes to protest killing.

 

04

28

Malcolm speaks at Abyssinian Baptist Church

 1962

05

01

Minister of Black Muslims, Temple #7, spoke at a program held at Palm Garden. Theme of the program "The Challenge of Racism".

 TOP

05

01

Attends a New York symposium sponsored by the Committee to Aid the Monroe Defendants.

 

05

01

Malcolm on panel discussion with James Farmer and William Worthy.

 

05

05

Conducts funeral services for Stokes.

 

05

10

Los Angeles Herald-Dispatch reports that more than two thousand people attend the funeral of Ronald Stokes; also covers Malcolm X press conference concerning the shooting.

 

05

17

Tells Los Angeles Herald-Dispatch that Stoke's death was "murder in cold blood."

 

05

20

Speaks at protest rally at Park Manor Auditorium. Claims that socialists, communists, and liberals are joining to get rid of the common enemy with white skin.

1962 

06

06

Los Angeles Herald-Examiner reports on a tape recording of an NOI meeting in which Malcolm X states that a recent plane crash in Paris was Allah's way of executing justice upon those responsible for the lynching of Stokes.

 TOP

07

22

Leader of NYC Muslims was a speaker at a labor rally held at 72nd Street and 3rd Avenue, NYC sponsored by Committee For Justice to Hospital Workers

 

07

 

Ilyasah born (Malcolm's third daughter).

 

09

15

Delivers impromptu address at outdoor rally in Harlem to protest police brutality.

 

11

26

Dora McDonald, secretary to Martin Luther King, Jr., informs Malcolm X that King refuses to debate him because "he has always considered his work in a positive action framework rather than engaging in consistent negative debate."

 

12

12

Malcolm lectures at the Harlem Mosque "The Black Man's History"

 

 

 

Rumors of Elijah Muhammad's adultery cause numerous Muslims to leave Chicago Mosque No. 2; Malcolm X talks to three of Elijah Muhammad's former secretaries, all of whom have had children by Elijah Muhammad. Malcolm X learns that Elijah Muhammad's son Herbert has been instructing "Muhammad Speaks" writers to feature Malcolm X as little as possible.

1963

01

01

Speaks at New York Mosque No. 7 dinner program, "A Night with the FOI," which includes music, exhibits, drills, and special demonstrations by the FOI.

  TOP

01

30

Speaks at Hi-Fi Country Club in Charlotte, North Carolina.

 

02

 

Feelings of resentment and animosity develops between Malcolm X and Elijah Muhammad's family.

 

02

03

In an interview at WMAL in Washington, D.C., Malcolm X states that Elijah Muhammad does not advocate overthrow of the government. Say FBI goes beyond its duty in "religious suppression" of Muslims.

 

02

04

States during WMAL program that "the FBI spends twenty-four hours a day infiltrating or trying to infiltrate Muslims."

 

02

13

Malcolm X leads Muslim demonstration in Times Square.

 

03

10

Returns to New York from Chicago on orders from Elijah Muhammad.

 

03

23

Malcolm speaks at Harlem rally for Mississippi struggle along with Dick Gregory and Adam Clayton Powell.

 

04

 

Flies to Phoenix, Arizona, to meet with Elijah Muhammad at Elijah Muhammad's home.

 

04

 

Serves as Interim Minister of the NOI in Washington, D.C., (until October).

 

05

 

Writes apologetic letter to Elijah Muhammad telling him they should work together and not be divided.

 

05

 

Interviewed by James Baldwin on television.

 

05

12

Speaks to audience of four hundred at radio station WUST in Washington, D.C. May 13 Washington Post carries article entitled, "400 Hear Malcolm X Speak Here". Interviewed by WUST in Washington, D.C., between 1:00 and 1:30 P.M. on the program "Focus".

 

05

17

New York Times reports that Malcolm X attacks President Kennedy for the way he dealt with the Birmingham crisis.

 1963

05

25

New York Amsterdam News reports that Malcolm X attacks Martin Luther King, Jackie Robinson, and Floyd Patterson as unwitting tools of white liberals.

 TOP

06

07

Blasts Los Angeles Mayor Sam Yorty in "Muhammad Speaks" article and charges Los Angeles with operating a Ku Klux Klan police force" that uses Gestapo tactics against the black community and Muslim religious groups.

 

06

13

Elijah Muhammad instructs Malcolm X not to assist the NAACP or any other Negro organization in civil rights demonstration.

 

06

 

Adam Clayton Powell invites Malcolm X to speak at Abyssinian Baptist Church; delivers speech entitled, "The Black Revolution."

 

06

29

Malcolm speaks at Muslim rally at corner of Lenox Ave., and 115th in Harlem.

 

06

 

Malcolm interviewed on TV by Kenneth Clark

 

08

10

Malcolm speaks at Unity rally in Harlem.

 

08

17

Announces at NOI Bazaar in Boston Arena that Elijah Muhammad and the NOI are not supporting or participating in the March on Washington.

 

08

19

Informs audience at FOI meeting at Mosque Number 7 in New York that NOI members who participate in March on Washington will be given ninety days to leave the mosque.

 

08

27

Tells a reporter that "well, whatever black folks do, maybe I don't agree with it, but I'm going to be there (at the March on Washington), brother, 'cause that's where I belong."

 

08

28

Attends March on Washington as a critical observer; comments that he can't understand why Negroes should become so excited about a demonstration "run by whites in front of a statue of a president who has been dead for a hundred years and who didn't like us when he was alive."

1963

09

 

Speaks at rally organized by Jackie Robinson.

  TOP

Fall

 

Delivers speech in Philadelphia entitled "The Old Negro and the New Negro."

 

10

22

Delivers speech to students at Wayne State University in Detroit.

 

11

07

Malcolm speaks at City College of New York.

 

11

10

Malcolm delivers his most influential speech up to this time, "A Message to the Grass Roots" at the Northern Grassroots Leadership Conference in Detroit.

 

11

22

President John F. Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas.

 

12

01

At an NOI rally in New York, Malcolm states that Kennedy "never foresaw that the chickens would come home to roost so soon," despite a directive from Elijah Muhammad, that no Muslim minister comment on the assassination.

 

12

04

Malcolm suspended and silenced by Elijah Muhammad from his ministry for ninety days for his remark on the death of the president.

 

 

 

Malcolm's mother, Louise Little, released from mental hospital.

 

 

 

Organization Afro-American Unity-Muslim Mosque Inc., (Director/Chairman) until he was killed 2-21-65.

1964

01

06

Summoned to Phoenix for a secret preliminary hearing with Elijah Muhammad, John Ali, and Raymond Sharrieff; rumors circulate in Harlem that Malcolm has been not only suspended but also "isolated," which means that all Muslims are forbidden to speak to him.

  TOP

01

14

Meets with Alex Haley (writer for Reader's Digest) at the International Hotel outside Kennedy Airport.

 

01

15

Visits Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) for a week's vacation at his fight camp in Miami, Florida; their friendship becomes increasingly strained thereafter. Tells sports reporters that he will be reinstated with the NOI in ninety days, although he believes the case to be otherwise.

 

01

21

Returns to New York from week's vacation with family at Cassius Clay's home in Miami, Florida.

 

02

10

Rift between Malcolm X and Elijah Muhammad appears to be widening.

 

02

 

Former assistant to Malcolm at Mosque No. 7 informs him that he has been asked by a mosque official to wire Malcolm X's car with a bomb.

 

03

06

Summons issued to Malcolm X for speeding on Triborough Bridge.

 

03

 

Malcolm has unplanned meeting with King in hallway after they both observe Senate filibuster on the Civil Rights Bill.

 

03

08

New York Times carries article entitled, "Malcolm X Splits With Muhammad." Malcolm X plans to create "black nationalist party" an will cooperate with local civil rights actions in order to heighten political consciousness of Negroes.

 

03

09

Meeting with Malcolm X, E. Grant, and J. Warden to discuss incorporation of MMI (Muslim Mosque Incorporated). Informant reports that Elijah Muhammad has ordered Malcolm X to surrender his home and car, both of which are owned by the NOI.

 

03

09

Interviewed by Joe Durso of the New York WNDT-TV Channel 13 new program The World at Ten from 10:00 - 10:30 P.M., Channel 13 in New York; talks about split with Elijah Muhammad.

 

03

10

Tells Ebony magazine that the Black Muslim leaders have "got to kill me. They can't afford to let me live. . . I know where the bodies are buried. And if they press me, I'll exhume some."

 

03

10

The NOI sends Malcolm a certified letter requesting that he return all NOI property, including the house in East Elmhurst.

 

03

11

Sends telegram to Elijah Muhammad stating that actions are necessary because of pressures from within NOI; Malcolm X also releases copy of telegram to the press.

 1964

03

12

Calls 11:00 A.M., press conference at Park Sheraton Hotel, at which he issues copy of his March 8 statement and his March 11 telegram to Elijah Muhammad. Holds press conference in Tapestry Suite of Park Sheraton Hotel, New York; audience of six hears Malcolm X read a prepared statement and a telegram he sent to Elijah Muhammad on March 11; announce a restricted meeting at 8:30 PM on March 15 at the George Washington Carver Club in New York.

 TOP

03

16

Certificate of incorporation is filed for MMI. Appears in court and pleads not guilty for speeding violation.

 

03

18

Malcolm X speaks at Harvard University Leverette House Forum.

 

03

19

Malcolm X interviewed by A.B. Spellman.

 

03

20

Appears on Joe Rainey's phone-in radio show, Listening Post, broadcast out of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on station WDAS.

 

03

23

Sends six followers to meet with leaders of Elijah Muhammad's mosque in New York.

 

03

24

Speaks on "Bob Kennedy Show" on WBZ, Boston, from 6:30 - 8:00 P.M.; subject is "Negro--Separation and Supremacy" (according to March 25 informant's report; clarifies statement concerning death of President Kennedy.

 

03

26

Meets Martin Luther King Jr., face to face, for the first and only time, after a King news conference in the U.S. Capitol.

 

04

03

Malcolm debates Louis Lomax in Cleveland and delivers speech, "The Ballet of the Bullet" at symposium sponsored by CORE (Congress of Racial Equality)

 

04

08

Malcolm speaks at the Militant Labor Forum. "The Black Revolution"

 

04

08

The NOI files eviction proceedings against Malcolm. He answers them on April 13; hearing is set for April 17 but is postponed twice, first until May 26 and then until June 3.

 

04

12

Malcolm speaks in Detroit, "The Ballot or the Bullet"

 

04

12

Announces at MMI rally that is is preparing for a three-week African tour.

 

04

13

Malcolm leaves on trip under the name of Malik El-Shabazz, he flies first to Frankfurt, Germany

 

04

19

Malcolm goes on to Mecca

 

04

20

Writes of his pilgrimage to Mecca in a letter: states that many white people he met during the pilgrimage displayed a spirit of unity and brotherhood that provided him a new, positive insight into race relations; in Islam, he now feels, lies the power to overcome racial antagonism and to obliterate it from the heart of white America.

 

04

21

Honored as a guest of the state by Saudi Arabia's Prince Faisal (Apr 21-30).

 1964

04

30

Flies to Beirut to speak at Sudanese Cultural Center, then back to Cairo; travels by rail to Alexandria, where he boards airplane to Nigeria (until 5-6-64).

 TOP 

05

06

Malcolm arrives in Lagos. Appears on various Nigerian radio and television programs (until May 10).

 

05

08

New York Times reports on a letter written by Malcolm while in Africa; article caption reads: "Malcolm X Pleased by White Attitude on Trip to Mecca."

 

05

08

Malcolm speaks at Ibadan University sponsored by the National Union of Nigerian Students. An enthusiastic audience of approximately 500 attend.

 

05

10

Malcolm sends letter from Lagos Nigeria.

 

 

 

Flies to Accra, Ghana, invited by the Marxist Forum, a new student organization at the University of Ghana.

 

05

11

Malcolm sends letter from Accra, Ghana

 

05

12

Press conference at Press Club in Accra

 

05

13

Malcolm speaks at Marxist Forum, University of Ghana at Legon "Will Africa Ignite America's Racial Power Keg"

 

05

14

Malcolm tours and lectures in Accra, Ghana addresses the Ghanian parliament on May 14.

 

05

15

Has audience with President Kwame Nkrumah, which Malcolm describes as his highest in all of Africa; that afternoon addresses two hundred students at the Kwame Nkrumah Ideological Institute in Winneba.

 

05

17

Flies to Monrovia, Liberia, then to Dakar, Senegal, and from there to Morocco.

 

05

17

Encounters Cassius Clay at Hotel in Accra. Meeting is awkward because of Clay's continued loyalty to Elijah Muhammad.

 

05

19

Thirty-ninth birthday; arrives in Algiers. Warrant issued for his arrest at 12:30 P.M. for failing to appear at May 19 trial for a speeding summons.

 

05

21

Malcolm X returns to New York from visit to Egypt, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Liberia, Senegal, Nigeria, Ghana, arriving at New York's Kennedy International Airport.

 

05

22

New York Times article appears titled "Malcolm Says He Is Backed Abroad."

 

05

23

Malcolm debates Louis Lomax in Chicago; on "The Negro Revolt," during which Malcolm X states that he has somewhat changed his mind regarding the white man. Appears on "Kup's Show" on Channel 7 in Chicago; states that many whites want to help the struggle of the Negro.

 1964

05

29

Malcolm speaks at the Militant Labor Force "The Harlem Hate Gang Scare."

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06

04

Radio station WDAS in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, interviews Malcolm X regarding his break with the NOI.

 

06

07

MMI sponsors public rally at Audubon Ballroom in New York. In answer to a question from the audience, Malcolm states that Elijah Muhammad is the father of six illegitimate children.

 

06

08

Indicates to CBS that six women are involved in Elijah Muhammad's scandal. On the "Barry Gray Show" at 11:40 P.M. on radio station WMCA in New York, states that he makes no distinction between Governor Wallace of Alabama and President Johnson.

 

06

09

Interviewed on The Mike Wallace News Program at 11:00 P.M., states that there are some good white people.

 

06

12

Anonymous caller at 1:40 P.M., says that Malcolm X will be "bumped off."

 

 

 

Interviewed on WEEI (Boston) radio program, "Conversation for Peace," from 2:40 to 5:00 P.M.; states that he broke with the NOI because of moral problem; he also speaks about Elijah Muhammad's illegitimate children. Speaks on WMEX (Boston) radio program from 10:00 P.M., to 1:00 A.M.

 

06

15

NOI eviction trial against Malcolm X ends at 1:30 P.M.; ten MMI and fifty NOI members are present, but no incidents occur; Malcolm X does not request police protection.

1964

06

16

New York Herald Tribune reports that Malcolm X is under protection of police and bodyguards because of anonymous telephone threats to wire service and newspaper that he would be shot if he appeared in court for his eviction trial; nevertheless, Malcolm X testifies at Queens County Civil Court. Eviction trial ends at 1:30 P.M.; judge reserves sentence.

  TOP

06

20

Malcolm on Long John Nebel Radio Show.

 

06

21

At MMI rally, Malcolm X calls Civil Rights Bill a "farce" and mentions emergence of a new group, the Organization of Afro-American Unity.

 

06

25

On Bob Kennedy's (Boston) radio show, "Contact", Malcolm X states that struggle for civil rights is struggle for human rights.

 

06

26

New York Post publishes open letter from Malcolm X to Elijah Muhammad calling for an end to hostilities between them.

 

06

28

Announces the formation of the OAAU (Organization of Afro-American Unity), which will be committed to doing "whatever is necessary to bring the Negro struggle from the level of civil rights to the level of human rights.

 

06

30

Malcolm sends telegram to Martin Luther King and Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) about the Saint Augustine attacks; offers assistance on behalf of civil rights movement; states that "on King's word" he would send some brothers to give the KKK "a taste of its own medicine." Speaks in Omaha, Nebraska, with "considerable tolerance toward other Negro rights groups"; Omaha World-Herald reports on establishment of the OAAU, an organization committed to doing "whatever is necessary to bring the Negro struggle from the level of civil rights to the level of human rights."

1964

07

03

Reports to police a possible case of assault and battery on him by two black men at 11:30 P.M. in front of his house in East Elmhurst. Police guard his home until 4:00 P.M., the following day.

  TOP

07

04

Malcolm on WLIB radio panel with George Goodman, Geroge Schuyler, and Allan Morrison.

 

07

05

On July 5, four black men with knives approach him in front of his house as he steps into his car.

 

07

05

Malcolm speaks at the 2nd OAAU rally.

 

07

06

Using the name Malik El-Shabazz, Malcolm X purchases one-way ticket to Cairo via London for departure on July 9.

 

07

07

Reports to police in New York that an attempt on his life was made that day.

 

07

09

Malcolm leaves on trip to Cairo via London under the name of Malik El-Shabazz; stays until 11-24-64.

 

07

17

Malcolm meets with the Rector of Al Axhar University in Cairo, Sheik Abdel Rahman Tag, Attends African Summit Conference as representative of the OAAU; appeals to the delegates of the thirty-four African nations to bring the cause of the twenty-two million black people in the United States before the United Nations. Distributes a press release on OAAU letterhead on behalf of twenty-two million Afro-Americans in the United States.

 

08

04

At a banquet in Alexandria, Egypt, addresses more than six hundred Muslim students representing seventy three different African and Asian countries.

 

08

17

Malcolm speaks to the OAAU in Cairo, Egypt.

 

08

21

Attends the second African Summit Conference in Cairo.

 1964

09

01

In New York, Civil Court Judge Maurice Wahl issues order that Malcolm X must vacate residence in East Elmhurst by January 31, 1965.

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09

02

Assistant Attorney General Yeagley requests that Hoover investigate Malcolm X's actions to see whether they violate the Logan Act.

 

09

12

"I'm Talking To You, White Man: An Autobiography by Malcolm X" is printed in the Saturday Evening Post.

 

09

 

Malcolm tours Africa:: by mid October he has visited eleven heads of state, and addressed most of their parliaments; for another five weeks he will continue his tour "to better acquaint himself with the problems facing the continent," as he says in a speech in Lagos.

 

10

03

Addresses five to six hundred students in Addis Ababa.

1964

10

16

Attorney General Lefkowitz requests that Yeagley use contacts in U.S. government to locate Malcolm X, so he can testify in a New York NOI trial.

  TOP

10

18

Flies from Dar es Salaam to Kenya with Kenyan President Jomo Kenyatta and Ugandan Milton Obote.

 

10

21

Malcolm meets with Babu in Dar as Salaam, Tanzania.

 

10

29

Visits Lagos and observes that factionalism is a major problem in Africa.

 

11

13

Leaves Conakry, French West Africa.

 

11

23

Malcolm speaks in Paris

 

11

24

Malcolm return to New York at 6:41 P.M.; greeted by sixty MMI and OAAU members.

 

11

28

Malcolm on WMCA, the Barry Gray Show, panel discuss crisis in the Congo.

 

11

29

Malcolm speaks at OAAU homecoming rally, remarks that he will travel to London and Oxford.

 

11

30

Flies to London for an Oxford Union debate on December 3; he speaks for the motion that "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice, moderation in pursuit of justice is no virtue."

 1964

12

03

Malcolm debates at Oxford University, England.

 TOP

12

07

In Chicago, Captain Raymond Sharrieff of NOI issues threat to Malcolm X.

 

12

12

Speaks at HARYOU (Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited)-ACT Forum in Harlem.

 

12

13

Malcolm speaks at OAAU rally with Dick Gregory, Babu, and reads a message from Che Guervara, five hundred attend.

 

12

16

Malcolm speaks at Harvard Law School Forum

 

12

20

Malcolm speaks at OAAU rally with Fannie Lou Hammer on African natural resources.

 

 

 

At Harlem rally, supports Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.

 

12

27

Malcolm speaks at OAAU rally

 

 

 

Malcolm on Community Corner Radio Program with Bernier Bass.

 

12

28

On the "Les Crane Television Show" in New York, Malcolm X advocates armed self-defense.

 

12

31

Amiliah born (Malcolm's fourth daughter).

1965

01

01

Urges young people to "think for yourself" in speech at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem to a SNCC sponsored group of high school students from McComb, Mississippi.

 TOP 

01

03

Malcolm speaks at OAAU rally.

 

01

07

Malcolm speaks at Militant Labor Forum "Prospects for Freedom in 1965."

 

01

10

Malcolm speaks at OAAU rally.

 

01

12

Registers at Hilton Hotel in New York under M. Khalil.

 

01

17

Malcolm speaks at OAAU rally.

 

01

18

Interview with Jack Barnes and Barry Sheppard, leaders of the Young Socialist Alliance (YSA); Malcolm X will approve final text before it appears in the March/April issue of Young Socialist.

 

01

19

Interviewed by Pierre Berton on his television show in Toronto, Canada.

 

01

24

Malcolm speaks at OAAU rally (Afro-American History)

 

01

26

Dartmouth College Radio WDCR interview in Hanover, NH.

 

01

28

Radio interview with Harry Ring on WBAI in New York.

 

 

 

Flies to Los Angeles and meets with attorney Gladys Towles Root and two former NOI secretaries who are filing paternity suits against Elijah Muhammad.

 

01

29

Testifies before Illinois Attorney General, who is investigating NOI activities.

 

01

30

In Chicago, records "Kup's Show," which airs early the next morning.

 

01

31

Malcolm speaks at OAAU rally (Ballot or the bullet)

1965

02

04

Travels to Selma, Alabama, where the SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference) is involved in a campaign for blacks' voting rights; speaks at Brown's Chapel AME Church.

  TOP

02

05

Leaves for London at 8:11 P.M., with a ticket for Paris, Geneva, and back to New York.

 

02

07

Malcolm arrives in England.

 

02

08

Addresses the First Congress of the Council of African Organizations in London.

 

02

09

Flies to Paris, but is refused entry by French government officials; returns to London.

 

02

11

Delivers speech entitled "The oppressed masses of the world cry out for action against the common oppressor" at the London School of Economics.

 

02

13

Flies back to New York.

 

02

14

Malcolm's house in East Elmhurst is firebombed in the early morning at 2:46 A.M.

 

02

14

Malcolm flies to Detroit at 9:30 A.M., Registers at Statler Hilton Hotel in Detroit at 11:30 A.M. Interviewed by WYXZ-TV at 4:00 P.M., address the First Annual Dignity Projection and Scholarship Award ceremony sponsored by the Afro-American Broadcasting and Recording Company at the Ford Auditorium: it is Malcolm's last major speech (morning). Speaks at Detroit rally.

 

 

 

Malcolm speaks in Harlem (evening).

 

02

15

Six hundred people attend OAAU rally from 8:15 -10:15 P.M., at Audubon Ballroom; Benjamin X opens; Malcolm X speaks of February 14 firebombing and NOI conspiracy with KKK.

 

02

18

Malcolm's family is evicted from home at 9:00 A.M.; moves belongings at 1:00 P.M.

 

 

 

Malcolm speaks at Columbia University "The Black Revolution and its Effect Upon the Negroes of the Western Hemisphere."

 

 

 

Malcolm on WINS radio with Aubrey Barnett, and others.

 

02

20

In a telephone conversation with Alex Haley, Malcolm says that "the more I keep thinking about this thing, the things that have been happening lately, I'm not at all sure it's the Muslims. I know what they can do, and what they can't, and they can't do some of the stuff Recently going on. . . The more I keep thinking about what happened to me in France, I think I'm going to quit saying it's the Muslims."

 

02

20

After an OAAU business meeting in the evening, Malcolm refuses his friend Earl Grant's invitation to spend the night at his apartment: "You have a family," says Malcolm. "I don't want anyone hurt on my account. I always knew it would end like this."

 

02

21

At 3:10 P.M., just after he has begun to address an OAAU rally at the Audubon Ballroom, Malcolm is shot several times; a black male later identified as Talmadge Hayer (a.k.a. Thomas Hagan) is arrested. Reuben X charged with felonious assault on Hayer and possession of a deadly weapon; Malcolm is pronounced DOA at Vanderbilt Clinic, Columbia Presbyterian Hospital.

1965

 

 

Martin Luther King, Jr., sends telegram to Betty Shabazz, expressing his sadness over "the shocking and tragic assassination of your husband. While we did not always see eye to eye on methods to solve the race problem, I always had a deep affection for Malcolm and felt that he had a great ability to put his finger on the existence and the root of the problem. He was an eloquent spokesman for his point of view and no one can honestly doubt that Malcolm had a great concern for the problems we face as a race.

  TOP

02

22

Elijah Muhammad denies that he or the NOI had anything to do with the slaying of Malcolm X, in an interview on Chicago radio station WVON, he states his "shock and surprise" at the murder.

 

02

23

James Farmer, CORE Director states that Malcolm X murder was "a political act, with international implications".

 

02

24

Muhammad Ali asserts that he will not go into hiding because of fears of reprisal in the aftermath of Malcolm X's assassination.

 

02

25

FBI removes Malcolm X from its Security Index.

 

02

26

Norman 3X Butler arrested at 3:00 A.M. for the murder of Malcolm X; three witnesses place him at Audubon Ballroom.

 

02

27

9:20 A.M., Malcolm's body is moved from the Unity Funeral Home in Harlem to Bishop Alvin S. Child's Faith Temple Church of God in Christ at 1763 Amsterdam Avenue for the funeral services.

 

02

27

9:50 A.M., services began which are presided over by playwright-actor Ossie Davis; approximately fifteen hundred people attend the services, five hundred of them outside the church itself.

 

 

 

11:10 A.M., procession to Ferncliff Cemetery, Hartsdale.

 

 

 

11:35 A.M., arrives at cemetery.

 

 

 

12:45 P.M., graveside service concludes.

 

 

 

Witness identifies Hayer and Butler as two of the assassins.

1965

03

01

Betty Shabazz meets with New York police detectives investigating the assassination.

 

11

05

The New York Times heralds the publication of The Autobiography of Malcolm X, written by Alex Haley, as "an eloquent statement."

 

 

 

Betty Shabazz gives birth to twin daughters, Malaak and Malikah.

1966

01

12

The trial for the murder of Malcolm X opens.

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